HNMUN 2017 Committees:
European Council - Negotiating the Brexit
Brussels European Council
(Photo: EC - Audiovisual Service / Jennifer Jacquemart)
The European Council (EC) is one of the European Union's (EU) main organs. It currently consists of the EU member states' 28 Heads of State and Government, the EC's President, the President of the Commission as well as the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The EC serves to provide the necessary impetus for the EU's development and to define the EU's general political directions and priorities.
Account must be taken of the fact that the EU is a unique economic and political union between 28 sovereign countries. It was created following World War II in a peace keeping effort. With only economic cooperation as its starting point it developed into a political union, tackling issues such as security, environmental matters and migration.
The three main aspects that must be addressed in the European Council's committee session include: the UK's secession's implications for the European Union's and British citizens' right, the economic relationship between the UK and the EU and, finally, their future foreign relations.
Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the EC, received
Theresa May, British Prime Minister
(EC - Audiovisual Service / Etienne Ansotte)
Against the background of these political and economic challenges, the most difficult aspect of the exit negotiations is to agree on the institutional framework that will govern the EU's and the UK's relations. Based on the pattern of existing relationships between the EU and third countries, three main relationship models appear feasible: The Norway model, a negotiated bilateral agreement and the WTO membership.
The UK's exit from the EU involves a multitude of matters which need to be addressed. It will be the delegates' task to develop a coherent framework, while bearing in mind their countries' interests. Although many aspects speak in disfavor of the UK, the member states of the EU must be wary of the fact that they, too, lose a valuable member of the EU. The framework must thus aim at providing maintaining cooperative and effective relationship between the UK with regard to political as well as economic matters.
The Study Guide for the European Council is online .
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Committee Chairs: Juliana Tran, Lucas Marlow